Schloss Vollrads Rieslings from 1945-2015
Notes and photos by
It was a great honor to be invited to the most remarkable
wine-tasting of German Rieslings in March of 2017.
The famous Rheingau estate of Schloss Vollrads hosted a stellar evening
that can never be replicated.
It was a night featuring bottles of wine from a former Vollrads' winery worker
who lived a short distance from the estate. Every-so-often the staff would
be gifted with wine from the property. This guy, who worked for Schloss
Vollrads shortly after World War II, would tuck away these gifts in his
underground, cold cellar and it appears he wasn't much of a drinker. Or he
never found the right occasion to open some of these bottles.
The old boy passed away early in the 21st century and his aging widow wanted to
liquidate the liquids in the cellar.
Now Schloss Vollrads is an historic place and company. There are records
showing the first sale of its wine took place in the year 1211. This is
slightly ahead of the advent of the internet, for example.
In 1492, while Columbus was taking one of his little boat rides, at the Vollrads
estate they opened what is called a Gutsausschank, a sort of precursor to
today's wine-tasting room. They were able to pour their own wine at this
little German wine tavern. There's even a record of one of the locals
running up a big bill in his quest to quench his thirst. The fellow drank
so much that he owed the equivalent of two day's wages.
There is no record of how many points or stars he awarded the wines in his
The term "Cabinet" (Kabinett these days) is said to have originated
here at Schloss Vollrads.
In the early 1700s the vintages had been poor quality and scarce. But
finally they had a couple of abundant harvests and needed storage space for
wines of quality (and higher price). There's evidence of a bill from a
bricklayer for a special cellar which was known then as a "Cabinet."
There had been a small controversy as to which winery in the Rheingau had the
first wine "Cabinet." It was thought that Kloster Eberbach had
the first, but theirs was, we now know, constructed in 1739. Schloss
Vollrads still has the bill (which we know was not paid with an American Express
card, but cash) from 1716 when their Cabinet was built.
They still have old books and ledgers from those days and it seems the wines
aged longer in the Cabinet were sold for higher prices than normal wines.
In 1971 the German wine laws were enacted and the term "Kabinett"
officially became a special designation for wine of quality.
Of course, we know it as the first level of wines made from ripe grapes which do
not need the addition of sugar.
Beyond that, they adopted the other, now familiar terminology on wine labels
such as Spätlese, Auslese, etc.
Back to the story of this special tasting...
The widow of that old Vollrads worker contacted a local wine merchant and he was, indeed, interested to see the
contents of the cellar.
There he found, amongst other wines, a cache of venerable bottles from Schloss
Some of the wines bottled shortly after the War would be difficult to sell, he
decided, since the there were some issues.
A client might question why a Rheingau wine was in a green glass bottle instead
of the traditional brown glass.
Glass was in short supply and they ended up using whatever was available.
Someone might question whether a wine with handwriting over the printed
vintage on the label was, in fact, legitimate.
As these bottles were gifts intended for drinking, not collecting, if they
didn't have the exact label, it was not viewed as problematic.
The General Manager (and winemaker) of Schloss Vollrads, Rowald Hepp, along
with the wine merchant, Nedjelko Mrcela, came up with an idea of what to do with the bottles...
The merchant would provide the wines from the domaine and Schloss Vollrads would
provide the venue for tasting the wines.
In addition, Schloss Vollrads organized a catered dinner and the wines would be
opened from youngest to oldest (mostly) and a couple of sommelier-attendees would preview
the various vintages and then take care of pouring the wines.
There's a beautiful old tower on the property.
Rowald had pointed out, on a previous visit to Schloss
Vollrads, the unique geology found in the vineyards.
The inside of the castle is remarkable.
Herr Hepp was delighted to show off the treasures to be
We began the evening with a sip of bubbles...
2013 VOLLRADS SEKT (RIESLING) BRUT
Light, dry, simple and refreshing as a nicely chilled aperitif
That's Schloss Vollrads winemaker Rowald Hepp with the glass of bubbles
and the fellow in blue is wine merchant Nedjelko Mrcela of the wineart
Nedjelko took care of generously providing the wines for this
After everyone arrived and had a sip of bubbles and perhaps a
nibble of a starter, we strolled into a magnificently elegant dining room which
was prepared for this grand event.
Rowald welcomed everyone...our group was from all over the planet, too.
The fellow sitting just past Rowald was born into the wine business at Kloster Eberbach, a monastery
winery not far from Vollrads. Joachim "Agi" Ress knows everyone and everything about
everything in the Rheingau region.
His took over his father's wine company, Karl
A. Ress, many years ago after doing an internship at Schloss
Johannisberg. After stints with Asbach & Company in the Rheingau
and the American "Kobrand" company, he assumed the helm of his dad's
company and has been a major mover and shaker in the German wine world.
Thanks to his encyclopedic knowledge of German wine, Agi was able to explain
vintage conditions and enlighten the tasters about many of the wines in our
little Vollrads Marathon.
We began the marathon with a 2015 Schloss Vollrads Riesling Kabinett Trocken.
Good nose, fruity and fresh...tart...crisp...fine...very young and needs time
(I should mention, a few months after this event, I brought a bottle of
Vollrads normal 2015 Kabinett Riesling to a dinner in San Francisco. This
bottle was stellar! It was really a pleasant surprise to find such a
perfectly balanced wine with zippy, crisp acidity and just the right amount of
The first dish was a "Lachs Terrine."
This was some sort of simple salmon starter...
The wines of Schloss Vollrads had more than simply the
designations on the labels:
You must have a look at the capsules covering the corks.
The used to employ a system with further delineations:
GREEN indicated an entry
BLUE typically was a
Kabinett level wine.
ROSE was a Spätlese wine.
was an Auslese level wine.
Gold would be a noble, sweet wine
1991 RIESLING KABINETT "Blaugold"
The vintage assessments for the 1991 harvest suggest the wines were not
especially good quality. Perhaps no critic back in those days was
enthusiastic for the 1991s as they did not have the idea anyone would save
bottles to drink more than a quarter of a century later.
And so this wine, then, became all the more worthy of the adjective
I use a three star scale, which is actually more than merely three levels of
quality, as some wines (many) are not worthy of even a single star.
Further, there are gradations to be had such as half and quarter marks in
between the stars.
Probably I was overly enthusiastic for this wine given that it was served
immediately following a really young, backwards, undeveloped 2015 vintage.
Still, this was gorgeous! It displayed notes of petrol and had perfect
balance between sugar and acidity. Perhaps in its youth this was a bit
shrill and overly tart. But now it was just perfect and very memorable.
I jotted down Three Stars in my tasting notebook...the wine was that good at
that point in time.
1983 RIESLING KABINETT "Blausilber"
This was a highly regarded vintage in its youth. The wines
typically had no botrytis (or very little).
After a few years, the vintage was generally down-graded a bit, but it was the
first year in maybe 5 or 6 or 7 that produced wines with some quality and
This bottle had a slightly odd or funky aroma with notes of baked apple.
It's still crisp and with a bit of sweetness, maybe 15 grams. But it
doesn't have much in the way of complexity, even with the bottle aging. I
still gave it one-and-a-half stars.
Christiane Grafe of Grand
Cru Select shows off a bottle of Schloss Vollrads from her birth
No, it's not the 1991. but not much older than that!
2015 "EDITION" RIESLING
We next tasted a wine that is a special bottling selected very
It's a staff selection with each Vollrads staffer getting one vote.
They look for the wine that best represents the estate and the vintage.
At this stage the wine is a bit quiet in terms of aromas...nicely fresh and
Going back to this after tasting a couple of the next wines, it was more showy.
Context...it can make all the difference in one's appreciation of a wine.
I gave it 1/2 to 3/4s of a star presently.
Then they brought out the soup.
Oxtail Soup with Old Sherry and Ravioli.
1974 Qualitätswein "Green Capsule" RIESLING
The 1974 harvest was generally written off as the summer was not
especially warm and autumn saw a lot of rain. This wine had a fairly
golden color. I found metallic notes on the nose with a lightly earthy,
rather than fruity, flavor. Stony notes...seems fairly dryish...as it
warmed I detected a kind of wool/sweater fragrance. Maybe half to
three-quarters of a star.
1973 RIESLING KABINETT (Green Capsule)
This came from a very large crop and critics described the wines as being
pleasant enough for immediate drinking, but the wines of 1973 are not profound
I didn't find the nose to be particularly distinctive. I detected a
metallic quality as I had in the preceding wine, the 1974. It seems to
rely primarily upon its residual sugar for character and that's about all you'll
find here. As it warmed, I encountered a faintly woody aroma and
flavor...it improved with airing, too.
1975 SPÄTLESE "Rosagold" RIESLING
This was thought to be a very good vintage, but when the 1976s came out,
these fell by the wayside to some degree. The more flashy and bigger 1976s
overshadowed the 1975s.
But, in general, the 1975s have held up better thanks to a bit higher level of
This bottle was a bit odd...I encountered some cellar fragrances, but it was not
corked or musty smelling.
The nose was good at the start and then it began to go towards an odd
character. The sugar is balanced by crisp acidity, so it hits the palate
I gave it one star, but a different bottle, if showing a bit more brightly,
could possibly earn a higher rating.
1971 RIESLING SPÄTLESE (Rosagold)
The 1971 vintage is said to be a hall-of-fame year. Many people
compare it with the 1949 and 1953 wines, though not as voluptuous as the 1959s
and the fruity, ripe 1964s.
This bottle is less sweet and lower in acidity than the previous wine, the
1975. But it's still in remarkably good condition...very fruity and so
elegant. There's a fine balance of sugar and acidity and it will probably
remain in good shape for a number of years from today (2017).
I gave this two and a half stars to 3 stars,
2015 RIESLING "ALTE REBEN" (Old Vines)
And now for something completely different...
Fresh, floral, fruity, sweet, light, zesty...and young. A baby.
Should develop most handsomely but it's too young to find anything profound
But it's very promising, for certain.
Saddle of Veal with A Truffle Risotto and Carrots
1967 Qualitätswein Green Capsule
This was an odd vintage...late to start but then a lovely, warm summer
followed by intense and potentially damaging rains in September. But it
seems producers who waited out the storms were able to make some very good sweet
The color is a bit brassy, but still in good condition. It's tight on the
nose, believe it or not, with a mildly floral note. Clean and light...off
dry...it is simply a bit shallow on the palate. I gave this a one-half
1966 KABINETT Blue-Gold Capsule
The vintage was viewed as being pretty good, but not exceptional in its
youth. It was viewed as less showy than the 1964s and the quantities were
relatively shy. The growing season was fine, but turned cold at summer's
end. And wet. The wines had generally good acidity, though.
Oh my! This was excellent!!
Great nose...so complex and complete with a beautiful balance of sweetness and
crisp, edgy acidity. There's an almost woodsy character here, too.
Very fine. Elegant. Complete and profound. Harmonious.
Can't find enough superlatives to describe this.
1961 SCHLOSSABZUG (Just means "Estate Bottled") Red Capsule
Though 1961 is magnificent in Bordeaux, Germany did not get the same sort
of weather during the growing season. It saw a good Spring but poor summer
and then hot September...The vintage didn't produce much in terms of late
harvest wines, but the normal quality level wines were considered acceptable
back in the day.
This had a rather youthful, straw color. The fragrances were nicely fruity
with a mildly resiny tone...a hint of a pine. It opened a bit, showing a
metallic note. It's simple and direct, showing well with no signs of
frailty from old age. One-and-a-half stars.
1959 SCHLOSSABZUG Blue Capsule
The 1959 vintage was considered to be extraordinary. It followed a
handful of less-than-exceptional vintages and the summer was quite hot,
producing good levels of sugar at the low end of the spectrum and allowing
winemakers to produce a good range of sweet wines.
The color was brassy and the nose showed almost waxy notes with lightly honeyed
tones. The wine is mildly sweet with remarkably fresh flavors.
There's still a bit of a youthful quality here though it's certainly developed
and has blossomed handsomely. Nicely balanced. Light yet complete.
1957 SCHLOSSABZUG Red Capsule
The vintage saw frost in the early season, reducing the crop. With
mid-summer sun, things looked promising until it rained in August and well into
September. The wines were described as useful for the short term.
Light to medium straw in color...the nose showed some steely, minerally notes
and light fruit. There's a bit of sweetness and still crisp acidity.
It must have been a difficult little wine in its youth and nobody would expect
it to be drinkable at nearly 60 years of age, yet it's a young, crisp, tart,
1955 Qualitätswein Blue Capsule
Viewed as a standard quality vintage and one for rather immediate
This wine was medium+ straw in color and had a much more developed, mature, ripe
nose. I detected a note of rye bread (roggenbrot as we say in
English). There a bit of sweetness here and it's achieved a point of
balance in terms of sugar and acidity. This is nicely drinkable but
there's not much depth here.
One and a half stars.
1953 RIESLING KABINETT Blue-Silver Capsule, I think
The 1953 vintage was highly-regarded from the outset. There were
good wines up and down the scale. It was not known, though, if the wines
would age, but people were simply happy to have good wines made of ripe
fruit. Rowald explained this was a "life-saving vintage."
That is, after a few poor years, vineyard owners might have ripped out the vines
if 1953 had been a bad year, as well.
Medium straw in color, this had a mature nose and maybe a note of an acetic
tone...but then with air, it seemed to blow off or I became accustomed to
it. The wine is quite good on the palate, in any case. Nicely sweet
with fine acidity. It has a dryish finish with good length...maybe a note
of a peach-like quality. Good texture and balance. Very
good...faintly nutty (oxidized) on the finish.
1945 SCHLOSSABZUG Rosa-Gold Capsule
The 1945 vintage was a very small crop...the weather had cooperated
nicely during the summer, but in the wake of World War II there was a labor
shortage. As Rowald pointed out, think of the women whose husbands had
been shipped off to war who were left to tend the vineyards and make the
wine. This must have been a really difficult state of affairs.
Medium straw in color, remarkably. Nicely fruity with notes reminiscent of
melons. I also detected an odd note that was perhaps a fragrance of moth
balls. Yet on the palate there's beautiful intensity and sweetness with
ample acidity buffeting the sugar. Very fine. Good balance and
Two and a half stars to three stars.
1959 RIESLING AUSLESE White-Gold Capsule
As noted above, the 1959 vintage was a good one, with wines of quality up
and down the scale.
Light+ straw in color. I found this to display some of the "moth
balls" fragrance I found in the previous wine...
Did the fellow keep these bottles for some time in a closet where moth balls
The wine is beautifully lush and sweet on the palate...a note of opulence, being
sweet and round. Medium-bodied and fine, but it's not profound or
complex. Still, it's a very good wine.
1950 AUSLESE Red Capsule
The 1950 vintage was well-regarded when the wines hit the market, but
these were not cellar-worthy wines and, as you might expect, were consumed
immediately. There's not much buzz about the vintage. If I recall
Rowald's comments, it wasn't a vintage that was really capable of producing much
sweet wine and the idea of producing a good Auslese in 1950 was more like
The wine was medium straw in color and it was a bit muted on the nose. The
wine is still alive, though and only mildly sweet with fairly crisp
acidity. It doesn't show great fruit or complexity, being rather a shell
of an Auslese wine.
1947 SCHLOSSABZUG RIESLING Green Capsule
The vintage was described as being quite ripe, as the growing season was
fairly warm all the way through.
As you can see, this has handwriting over the vintage date as they had,
apparently, run out of 1947 labels for this wine.
Medium+ yellow in color/lightly brassy...but the fragrances are amazing.
Pungent, with an almost green herbal character...menthol? Mint? It's
sweet and still crisp and fresh on the palate. Exuberantly fruity...This
may be the wine of the night for me.
And so people stood up from the table and they headed out the door.
A few guests lingered and Rowald, being the consummate
showman, found something else to drink as we spoke about this remarkable evening
of historic bottles...
A Schloss Vollrads Sekt...very fine, too.
And then, another old bottle of Riesling made by a neighboring winery.
I had visited J.B. Becker earlier in the day.
The wines tend to be rather austere, much like Herr Becker himself.
Rowald said Becker's wines typically need ten years in the bottle before they
begin to tell their story.
So this was a "Spätlese Cabinet" wine.
Earlier in the evening there was a discussion about the term "Cabinet"
While today we know the terms Kabinett and Spätlese as having a particular
meaning, it wasn't until 1971 that those designations came about to signify
wines of quality. Kabinett is the entry level wine, made without the
benefit of adding sugar to the unfermented grape juice.
Spätlese means "late harvest," but this is only "late" in
comparison to the juice used for the Kabinett wines today.
But in 1967 a Spätlese was a late-picked wine and the Cabinet designation is a
term indicating it was thought to be a sort of "reserve" wine.
The Becker 1967 Martinsthaler Geisberg Spätlese Cabinet Riesling...
Brassy and clear, this showed a lovely petrol fragrance...pungent on the nose
and slightly sweet...very good...
One and a half stars.
There were some opened, unfinished bottles from the tasting
and so Rowald poured some of those for the people who were still standing...
And then it was off for a good snooze!
Many thanks to Rowald Hepp for the invitation and to Nedjelko
Mrcela for providing the wines.