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Not-So Petite Sirah & Other Stuff

While not a "Rhone Valley" grape, a handful of California wineries still make a wine called "Petite Sirah" (some spell it "Petite Syrah").  This variety, it turns out, is not at all related to Syrah and has been thought to be a very minor French grape called Durif.  

We understand that a small percentage of what is called Petite Sirah is probably a really odd variety called Peloursin.  Monsieur Durif, it seems, had actually crossed Syrah with Peloursin to come up with the "Durif" variety!

Petite Sirah enjoyed some of it's 15 minutes of fame in the mid-1970s.  Ridge made excellent, deep-colored peppery red wines of it, though the label most recognized for Petite Sirah was/is Stags' Leap Winery.  A number of wineries made Petite Sirah years ago and it was often used to beef up light Pinot Noirs and wimpy Zinfandels.   Imagine that Concannon and Mirassou were the quality leaders back in the early 1970s! (Translated: Mirassou, until recently and Concannon are not wineries viewed by those "in-the-know" as places to look for interesting wines.)  Freemark Abbey's 1971 Petite Sirah, along with the 1971 Ridge, is legendary!  
David Bruce has been making Petite Sirah since those days of yore, but only in the last few years have they gotten it right.  

Quite a bit was planted in California's Central Valley, growers thinking it would flourish in that area's hot climate.  Plantings have been scaled back significantly and the few Petite Sirah wines made today of any note come from coastal regions. 

 

 
STAGS' LEAP WINERY
stags'leap.gif (3339 bytes)Now owned by Treasury Wine Estates group, this is an old vineyard in the Stags Leap District of the Napa Valley.  The winery was founded by Carl Doumani and made its first wine, a Chenin Blanc, back in 1972.

The red wine of note was (and still is) Petite Syrah, though they make Cabernet and Merlot, too.  

Doumani spent years embroiled in a legal battle with neighbor Warren Winiarski at Stag's Leap Wine Cellars over the "Stags Leap" branding.   
This entanglement settled very little, but it made money for some lawyers.   

The case lasted years and was finally decided by the California Supreme Court!  The verdict was that both wineries could use the Stags Leap name as they were named not after their owners, but after a geographical site.
It was decreed, then, that Winiarski's winery would be spelled "Stag's Leap" and Doumani would spell his brand as "Stags' Leap."  
We suspect both fellows thought this was a "catastrophe," but in fact it was settled by an "apostrophe."  
If we recall correctly, an earlier verdict was that Stag's Leap Wine Cellars would not sell its Petite Syrah in Napa and Stags' Leap would not sell its Cabernet there.
 


The two adversaries became allies when their neighbors started to use the name "Stags Leap District" on wines from this little corner of the Napa Valley.   They were unsuccessful in protecting their exclusive use of the name and today you can find a number of wineries located in the Stags Leap District.  Interestingly, both wineries boycotted the "Stags Leap District Winegrowers" association.
Today, though, both wineries are members along with 18 others.

Doumani finally sold his property to the Beringer group.  He retained a portion of the original vineyard, though, and makes a really nice wine under the "Panza" label.  Sancho Panza...sidekick to Don Quixote.  Carl, too, is tilting at windmills, still.


 
 
 
Petite Syrah continues as the mainstay at Stags' Leap and the wine is deep in color with a peppery, spicy element.   There's a mildly woodsy note here, too.

They do a rather short maceration on the skins to keep the tannin level from being too coarse and astringent.
A couple of tanks were co-fermented with Viognier and the final blend has a drop each of Syrah, Grenache and Mourvèdre.  



Currently available:
2014 Napa Valley (Winery price: $45)   Weimax Sale Price:  $34.99




MIRO CELLARS

Miro is a delightful little moonlighting production by a fellow named Miroslav Tcholakov who's daytime gig is being the winemaker for the Trentadue winery in Geyserville.

They allow him to dabble with his own winemaking adventure and we've usually found his wines to be quite good and honestly-priced.

He's got a nice touch with Petite Sirah and we've had a number of vintages over the past few years.

The grapes come from the center of the Dry Creek appellation and the fruit is hand-sorted before going into open-top fermenters which are small enough to be punched down by hand.  He handles this task in a fairly gentle fashion, saying he wants to capture the nicely fruity aromas of Petite Sirah while avoiding the harsh tannins.

This is the key to this wine as he's quite successful in hitting the target.

The malolactic fermentation is done in barrel as this helps "fix" the color and it softens the wine.  The 2014 was matured in small oak barrels for about a year and a half, with 25% of the cooperage being brand new.  You know how some winemakers "fortify" their Pinot Noir wines with something darker in color such as Syrah or Petite Sirah?  Miro tames his Petite Sirah by blending in a bit of Pinot Noir!  Five percent.  (Maybe that's another one of his secrets?)

The wine has a marvelous fragrance which reminds us of brown spices.  There's a touch of vanilla with a hint of cinnamon and clove.  It's medium+ bodied and rather gentle on the palate, especially in the company of grilled or roasted red meats.

It should cellar well for a few years given it's got a good level of acidity.  We view it as a short-term aging wine, though.

Then there's his little blended red...sometimes it's solely Rhône varietals, but this vintage it swerves away from that model to a certain extent.  Still, it's the sort of red wine you can put on the table (picnic or dinner).  The 2014 is nearly half Zinfandel with a 29% Petite Sirah and 23% Carignane.  There's a bit of a spice note to this wine and it's well-priced, too.

Currently in stock:  2014 MIRO Dry Creek PETITE SIRAH  Sale $25.99
2014 MIRO North Coast CUVÉE SASHA  $17.99

 

 



ROBERT BIALE

Napa's famous former chicken farmer, Robert Biale, is now a Gentleman Vigneron. 

A customer came into the shop one day and saw a Biale bottle on the rack and shrieked "Bob Biale?!?!?  But he's a chicken farmer!"  She explained he used to sell fresh eggs along the road, so she was shocked to see his name on an expensive bottle of wine.
 
The winery is best known for Zinfandel, but they've made some nice Petite Sirah, too.  They source fruit from four vineyard sites, from Calistoga to the north down to Oak Knoll in the south.  
 
Blueberry fruit, moderately tannic and definitely teeth-staining...


Currently In Stock:  2011 ROBERT BIALE Napa Valley PETITE SIRAH "Royal Punishers" $39.99


 

WILD HOG

The Wild Hog Vineyard is a good little estate in Sonoma with an address in Cazadero, but they're actually a bit of a drive from beautiful Downtown Cazadero.

The estate comprises about 110 acres but only 5 acres is devoted to vineyards.

Daniel and Marion Schoenfeld are avid gardeners and they tend their vines in a similarly loving manner.

The Schoenfelds also purchase grapes from grapes in Dunnigan Hills, Lake County and Mendocino, as well as Sonoma.  

Winemaking is rather simply and relatively low-tech.  Open top fermentation tanks of smallish size.  Once the fermentation finishes and the wine is dry, it goes into oak barrels.  They allow the wine to settle and rack it a few times before bottling without filtration. 

As a result, we tend to enjoy a Wild Hog wine after the bottle has been stood up for a few days and we will decant it.  

We currently have a 2014 vintage of a lovely Grenache from Mendocino County's Eaglepoint Ranch.  We like the wine quite a bit, but it doesn't resemble a Southern Rhône particularly.  There's a mildly woodsy note, so we'd say it's along the lines of some Australian reds or perhaps it's a Grenache styled along the lines of a Bordeaux or Cabernet.  Medium-bodied and there's a touch of red fruit with that mildly oaky quality.  The tannin level is modest, so you can certainly enjoy this tonight.

 

Currently in stock:  WILD HOG 2014 MENDOCINO GRENACHE  $18.99

 


 

VAROZZA
The Varozza family has been in St. Helena forever, as long as going back to the late 1800s counts as forever.

They have about 40 acres of vines and sell most of the fruit to neighboring wineries.  Varozza produces a tiny bit of Cabernet Sauvignon and a small amount of Petite Sirah.  

We have a nicely mature version of their Petite Sirah and it's a medium-bodied, old-fashioned Napa Valley red wine.  
 
Currently in stock:  2001 VAROZZA Napa Valley PETITE SIRAH $34.99



 





WOOD FAMILY
You often hear the term "garagiste" bandied about for small wineries, especially those in Bordeaux.  

But the Livermore Valley is home to a true garagiste and it's the Wood Family winery.  

Now Livermore is not on most wine geek's radar these days.  The wineries there are, in large part, underachievers.  Yet, once upon a time, Livermore was producing more prestigious wines than Napa!

In the 1960s and 1970s the region was famed for Petite Sirah. 
 

We're a bit fuzzy, now nearly 40 years later, but we remember either Dan Rowan or Dick Martin (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In TV Show) was quoted as saying he enjoyed Concannon's Petite Sirah from Livermore.
This brought a few minutes of fame to both Concannon and the Livermore Valley.
 
The Mirassou family also became well-regarded for Santa Clara Valley Petite Sirah, too, by the way.

Rhonda Wood was an airline pilot for USAirways in the early 1990s.  She was on maternity leave and, amongst other hobbies, began brewing beer.  After a few batches of beer, she got the idea of making wine.  She and her husband Michael planted a vineyard in their backyard in Fremont and while waiting for the vines to produce a crop, they discovered the Livermore Valley.  
They later purchased a vineyard in Livermore, but each kept their day jobs and braved the traffic, she commuting to San Francisco Airport and he to Fremont.

By 2001 she was making wine on a serious basis and by 2006 she finished her career with the airline and today she pilots, rather nicely, Wood Family Vineyard.

Over the years we've had a number of good wines from this little winery.  Ages ago Rhonda had a Livermore Syrah grown by former football coach John Madden.

We think Rhonda produces the best example of Livermore Petite Sirah.  The 2013 comes from, in 2013, from the Casa de Viñas Vineyard owned by Julio and Marta Covarrubias.

She made about 3 barrels of this wine, totaling just 63 cases.

Rhonda pays attention to the grapes during the growing season and makes the call on when to pick the fruit.  She explains the trick is to wait until the sugar level is such that the tannins shed their brittle quality and become somewhat more supple.

The wine shows lots of dark berry notes and a faintly spicy quality.  There's a cedary, woodsy character from the time in oak (American oak barrels).  If you're looking for a big red to pair with a steak or something cooked on the grill, consider grabbing a bottle of this.

 

 
Currently in stock:  2013 WOOD FAMILY Livermore PETITE SIRAH $26.99






RIDGE VINEYARDS

Ridge has close to 35 acres of Petite Sirah planted north of Healdsburg in Sonoma County near their Lytton Springs winery.

One parcel is has vines in it which are more than 100 years old.  About two-thirds of their Petite Sirah was planted between 1987 and 2001.  We've seen this variety under the Ridge label on a sporadic basis.

The 2015 is a medium-full bodied red wine with some dark fruit notes.  It's mildly spicy, though not really purely black pepper spicy...you will find dark fruits with hints of plums and blackberry and then there's a touch of brown spice hinting at cinnamon and maybe clove...

Currently in stock: 2015 RIDGE "Lytton Estate" PETITE SIRAH SALE $35.99

 

ERNA SCHEIN
Mr. and Mrs. Les Behrens bought out Mr. and Mrs. Hitchcock in the Behrens & Hitchcock winery.  Les has named the place after his Mom who was, we're told, a prolific baker.   Hence the old kitchen mixer-master on the label, a strange icon for a winery (but it beats the hell out of another critter label).   I asked if Erna had a son named Rainier or Schubert, but apparently she did not.

We have a Spring Mountain Petite Sirah that's anything but petite.  The wine will stain your teeth and probably the wine glass.  Don't wear light-colored clothing when you're drinking this.  The fragrances are reminiscent of violets and sweet berries.  It gives some of the "crèmes de cassis" a run for the money in terms of intensity.  The flavors are in the same super-concentrated direction.  Fasten your seatbelt when you open a bottle of this little red!
 
Currently in stock:  2005 ERNA SCHEIN Napa Petite Sirah $47.99





FRICK
Bill Frick is an old hippie who started his wine adventure in Santa Cruz before establishing a real winery in Sonoma County.

He's a fan of all sorts of unusual grapes and has never been the sort of fellow to follow the leaders.  Cinsault, Counoise, Syrah, Viognier, Syrah and Carignane find a home in Frick's cellar.  
 
 


We've been delighted with Bill's fine efforts for decades and always seem to find something interesting in his portfolio.
 
Our most recent tasting through his line-up yielded a wine dubbed "C-2."  It's a deliciously spicy, mildly peppery blend of Carignane and Cinsaut.  (We had C-3 in the previous vintage, Carignane, Cinsaut and Counoise.)

This vintage the wines are from the same vineyard site in Dry Creek and the blend is 60% Carignane and 40% Cinsaut.  The wine was matured in seasoned cooperage, so oak is not a part of the profile of C-2.  It's all about the grapes as singer Meghan Trainor might say.
This is mildly tannic and pairing C-2 with lamb or something with a bit of fat makes it tastes smooth.
 
 

Currently in stock:  2012 FRICK Dry Creek Valley "C-2" Red Blend Sold Out

 


Some French-styled sausages and grilled vegetables were well-matched with Bill Frick's Carignane.





FOPPIANO VINEYARDS
foppiano_petitesirah.gif (5739 bytes)The Foppiano family has been in the wine biz in Sonoma's Healdsburg area since 1896. They had, for many years, made significant quantities of insignificant wines. I can recall their "Burgundy" being a wine of those "in the know" back in the 1970s. We used to have a few of their "jug" wines back in those days: half-gallon bottles filled with wines called "Chianti," "Burgundy," etc.


Today Foppiano makes about 20,000-30,000 cases of wine.


They seem to be focusing on Petite Sirah, perhaps because it is the one grape varietal with which they do well, though we've found a good Zin here from time to time.

Foppiano makes a pleasant, berryish, mildly spicy red wine from its Petite Sirah.   We like the brown spice character of the wine, which reminds us of cloves and nutmeg with a nuance of cinnamon.  Try a bottle for yourself and see if you detect this quality in the Foppiano Petite Sirah.
Currently in stock:  Foppiano Russian River 2012 Petite Sirah $17.99

 

 

 



BIRICHINO
What, you may be wondering, is a "Birichino"?  

It's an Italian word which might describe someone who's a bit mischievous.  A rogue, perhaps.  A little scamp.

Well, there are two Birichini in Santa Cruz and they're the team behind this cool little brand.
Both have studied at the University of California at Bonny Doon and learned a lot from Professor Randall Grahm.

John Locke worked as a cellar rat and winemaker at Bonny Doon from 1990 until maybe the 2006 or 2007 vintage. He's been affiliated with Patrice Boyle's Soif Wine Bay in Santa Cruz.   
Alex Krause has been working for Bonny Doon as a sales rep.

Many years ago Bonny Doon made an excellent dry white of the Malvasia Bianca grape and, for some reason, abandoned it.
 
 
The pair then launched their own brand, Birichino, featuring Malvasia.  We have the current vintage in the shop and it's a dynamite dry white.  Very fruity and floral, with sweet aromas but no sugar on the palate.
 
Another wine they were familiar with was a fruity, Beaujolais-styled red made of Grenache grown in Gilroy.  

The Birichino Boys make their own rendition of Grenache from the Besson vineyard, a site in the Hecker Pass region of Santa Clara county.  Some of the vines are said to be more than a century old!

They have quite an interesting recipe for making this wine.  It incorporates some whole berry fermentation.  Some of the fruit is left in picking crates in order to "dry" the fruit out a bit.  This probably seems odd these days since so many wineries reduce yields to concentrate sugar in the grapes.  But keep in mind, producers in Italy's Veneto region routinely leave grapes to dry so that can make their Amarone wines.
Producers in Tuscany used to do the same with Sangiovese to make more complex wines of their Chianti by leaving some grapes to dry.
And even in Piemonte, Barolo and Barbaresco guys would leave some boxes of grapes to dry in order to boost the potency of their wines.
The Italians call this "appassimento." 

So Locke and Krause employ this on a small scale to add another layer of complexity to their wine.  They explain the stems seem to dry out nicely after about a week and this "contributes an entirely different set of complex brambly wild raspberry, bitter cherry, dried herbs and winter spice aromatics to its vibrant red alpine fruit."

They view this Grenache as a sort of Burgundian wine made of Southern Rhone-type fruit.

In any case, it's a delightful bottle of wine and one we enjoy quite a bit.

Pair it with all sorts of foods...Mediterranean cuisine...red meats...roasted chicken...grilled salmon...cheeses...
 

Currently in stock:  2013 BIRICHINO Central Coast GRENACHE  $18.99




 



WHITE KNIGHT
Don Sebastiani and his sons offer this California Viognier made from grapes grown in the warm Sacramento Delta region of Clarksburg.

The region allows for relatively cost-effective (that means higher-than-cool-coastal-area yields) tonnage, while still retaining some varietal character.  

It's a wine that now shows some honeydew melon-like notes more than apricot and peach.  We also find a faintly citrusy tone here so we'd have trouble tasting it 'blind' and pegging it as being Viognier.  



It's reasonably priced at ten bucks a bottle.
 
Currently in stock:  2014 WHITE KNIGHT Clarksburg VIOGNIER  $9.99



Some French Syrahs, etc.

 

 

 

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